Cardiovascular disease is a group of disorders that can affect the heart and blood vessels of individuals. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the common risk factor for cardiovascular diseases like coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, aortic aneurysm, and chronic kidney disease. Today, we are going to explore the cardiovascular complications of hypertension in this article.

Cardiovascular complication of hypertension

Cardiovascular complication can lead to narrowing thickening of heart arteries which can cause coronary heart disease (CHD) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), respectively. The coronary heart disease and left ventricular hypertrophy can cause the following cardiovascular complication which are given below:

  1. Heart failure: It is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to the body.
  2. Arrhythmia: It is a condition in which the heart can produce an abnormal heartbeat.
  3. Ischemic heart disease: It is a disease in which the heart does not get enough oxygen.
  4. Heart attack: Heart attack is the sudden block of the blood flow to the heart muscle.
  5. Sudden cardiac arrest: It is a condition in which the heart suddenly stops beating.
  6. Stroke: It is a condition in which the brain has a blockage in the blood flow.

Symptoms of hypertensive heart disease

  • Chest pain: You may experience pain or discomfort in any area of the chest.
  • Shortness of breath: You have breathing difficulty.
  • Palpitations: You may experience a feeling of fast-beating, fluttering, or pounding heart.
  • Dizziness: Individuals may experience a sensation of tiredness or weakness.
  • Stroke: You may have problems with the blood flow to the brain.
  • Sudden cardiac death: You may experience a sudden loss of heart activity due to an irregular heart rhythm.

Causes of hypertensive heart disease

Various factors can cause hypertensive cardiovascular complications. Some of the risk factors for hypertensive heart disease are given below:

  1. High blood pressure: High blood pressure is a "silent killer," usually, it does not show any symptoms, which causes the heart muscle to become thick and stiff by increasing the workload and risk of the heart, and it also affects the kidney and brain.
  2. Lack of physical activity: Lack of physical activity can cause obesity and high blood pressure, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  3. Diabetes: Diabetes or increased blood glucose levels can cause harm to the arteries in the heart, leading to a risk of cardiovascular disease.
  4. High cholesterol level: High cholesterol level can lead to the blockage of arteries in the heart, which can increase the blood pressure and risk of heart attack.
  5. Age: People who are older than 45 years are at increased risk of getting cardiovascular complications.
  6. Obesity: It can increase the risk of narrowing or blockage of heart arteries due to the deposition of fat in the arteries.
  7. Smoke or tobacco products: Smoking can damage the arteries of the heart, which can increase the risk of hypertension-related heart problems.
  8. Diet: Eating a high-salt diet or junk food can raise the risk of hypertensive heart disease by causing obesity and high cholesterol levels.
  9. Alcohol: Consuming high levels of alcohol can damage the overall well-being and also the health of the heart.

Treatment of hypertensive heart problem

Depending on the severity of hypertension, your healthcare providers may prescribe antihypertensive medications such as diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers, or a combination of these.

The Cilacar 20mg tablet is an antihypertensive medication with an active ingredient called Cilnidipine. It belongs to a class known as a calcium channel blocker that helps lower blood pressure. This medicine is prescribed for hypertension and angina. It treats hypertension (elevated arterial pressure levels), also called high blood pressure, and its associated vascular disorders. It is well tolerated and particularly effective in older people. It also reduces the risk of angina.

Cholesterol Management

  1. Statins: Statins, along with other antihypertensive medications, can help reduce cardiovascular risk. It can help to reduce the level of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) in patients.
  2. Diabetes Control: You can also prescribe some diabetic medication to lower your glycemic index. Increased blood sugar levels can damage the arteries, which leads to cardiovascular problems.

Management option for hypertensive heart problem

Other than the medication, you can reduce the risk of hypertensive heart problems by following the steps given below: 

  1. Weight Management: You can reduce the risk of hypertensive heart problems by doing some physical activities (brisk walking, jogging, or swimming), which aids in reducing weight.
  2. Smoking Cessation: You can reduce the risk of hypertensive heart problems by avoiding or quitting the habit of smoking.
  3. Regular Monitoring and Follow-ups: It is advised to schedule regular check-ups to monitor blood pressure and cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of heart problems.
  4. Stress Management: Individuals can reduce the risk by doing stress-management activities (meditation or yoga) to help manage overall cardiovascular health.

Conclusion

Cardiovascular complications of hypertension can be reduced and prevented by following the proper medication and advice that your healthcare provider gives you. It is crucial to engage with your healthcare provider to overcome the heart-related problem caused by hypertension.

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